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ALL TRIBES- NEW ENGLAND, NORTHEAST
There are 580 federally recognized tribal governments in the United States.
There are currently 10 federally recognized tribal governments in the New England States, 5 of which are in Maine.
NEW ENGLAND TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS WITH FEDERAL RECOGNITION
Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians of Maine
Indian Township Reservation of the Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine
Penobscot Indian Nation of Maine
Pleasant Point Reservation of the Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine
Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe
Other Federally Recognized Groups in New England:
Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut
Narragansett Indian Tribe of Rhode Island
NEW ENGLAND GROUPS WITH STATE RECOGNITION
Schaghticoke Tribal Nation
Scaticook Bands Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation
(The Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation is a Native American group based in southeastern Connecticut. They, along with the Schaghticoke, are trying to regain federal recognition through the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).
Federal recognition was revoked in October, 2005 following legal challenges by the state of Connecticut. Recognition had been originally granted in 2002 after a merging of two groups, the Paucatuck Eastern Pequots and the Eastern Pequots, into the Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation by the BIA.)
Pocasset Wampanoag Tribe Seaconke Wampanoag Tribe
* INTERIOR BOARD OF INDIAN APPEALS
In re Federal Acknowledgment of the Nipmuc Nation and In re Federal Acknowledgment of the Webster/Dudley Band of Chaubunagungamaug Nipmuck Indians
"Therefore, pursuant to the authority delegated to the Board of Indian Appeals by the Secretary of the Interior, 43 C.F.R. § 4.1 and 25 C.F.R. § 83.11, the Board dismisses the Hassanamisco Nipmuc Foundation’s request for reconsideration of the Final Determination Against Federal Acknowledgment of the Nipmuc Nation (Petitioner 69A), and of the Final Determination Against Federal Acknowledgment of the Webster/Dudley Band of Chaubunagungamaug Nipmuck Indians. (11/12/2004)
(Wampanoags unaffiliated with the Mashpee or Aquinnah and tribal members from Maine tribes [formerly under Massachusetts jurisidction till statehood in 1820] are represented by the State Commission on Indian Affairs)
New Hampshire has no Federally or State Recognized Tribes or Bands.
* As of May 3, 2006, Vermont law 1 V.S.A §§ 851–853 recognizes Abenakis as Native American Indians, not the tribes or bands, therefore there are currently no State-recognized Tribes or Bands in New Hampshire, Maine, Rhode Island or Vermont.
NEW ENGLAND GROUPS WITH NO FEDERAL OR STATE RECOGNITION
Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation
Cowasuck Band of the Pennacook-Abenaki People
First Nation of New Hampshire
Pennacook New Hampshire Tribe
NORTHEAST (non-New England) GROUPS WITH FEDERAL RECOGNITION
There are currently 7 federally-recognized Tribal Governments in New York State:
Oneida Nation of New York
Onondaga Nation of New York
Seneca Nation of New York
St. Regis Band of Mohawk Indians of New York
Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians of New York
Tuscarora Nation of New York
There are currently 4 federally-recognized tribal governments in New Jersey:
Powhatan-Renape Nation New of Jersey
Ramapough Mountain Indians of New Jersey
Sand Hill Band of Indians of New Jersey
To be an Indian in Canada is not just a cultural identity but also a legal category. The Indian Register is the official record identifying all Status Indians in Canada.
Aboriginal: The term "Aboriginal" is appropriate when referring to matters that affect First Nations (Indian) and Métis peoples. The word is most appropriately used as an adjective (e.g., Aboriginal person).
Aboriginal Peoples: Section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982 recognizes three groups of Aboriginal peoples -- Indians, Métis and Inuit peoples.
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada:
Other Canadian Resources:
Assembly of First Nations - (Assemblée des Premières Nations)
Congress of Aboriginal Peoples
The Abenakis were originally based in New England and came to Québec at the end of the 17th century.
In the New England area, the Cowasuck, Pennacook, Pigwacket, St Francis/Sokoki, and Winnipesaukee * comprise the Western Abenaki (VT, NH & MA), while the Eastern Abenaki, including the Androscoggin, Passamaquoddy (federally recognized), Penobscot (federally recognized) and Wawenock *, reside in Maine.
In Québec, the Abenaki have sizable communities at Okanak and Wolinak (Becancour).
* alpha order
KOASEK - Cowasuck Band of the Pennacook-Abenaki People (US-MA)
St. Francis/Sokoki Band of the Abenaki (US-VT)
Grand Conseil de la Nation Waban-Aki- Waba-naki Nation (CA-Québec)
Norm Leveillee's Abenaki Site (US-RI)
Lee Sultzman's Abenaki History
Steve Miller's Abenaki Site
Louis Annance's Abenaki Site
Henry R. Schoolcraft's Abenaki History
Joseph Joubert's "Welcome to the Abenaki Language"
of the Northern New England Tribes
Mormon's Family Search
Super Frog's French-Canadian Genealogy
The National Archives of Canada Genealogy
Index to the 1871 Census of Ontario - National Archives of Canada
GENDEX - Searchable Index of over one million Surnames
Canadian Genealogy & History Links
TO BE ORGANIZED:
Indian Country Today
Massachusetts Center for Native American Awareness, Inc.
Vermont Historical Society
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